Blog

Open Letter to the BMJ

+SHARE

bmj-logo-og

The following letter was prepared by a group of physicians, scientists, and others in response to the controversy about two recent articles in The BMJ on the use of statins for primary prevention of heart disease. We believe the calls for The BMJ to retract the papers are unwarranted, and we hope the independent panel appointed to review any retraction decision will allow these papers to remain as part of the ongoing scientific conversation about statins. 

 To add your name in support, please go here.

Here is the letter, signed by nearly 500 people from 30 countries:

“The BMJ stands out among the top medical journals of the world as a beacon in the best tradition of science through its willingness to publish articles and studies that question orthodoxy. Many of these articles question the results of industry-funded research, and while The BMJ publishes its share of industry-funded research, it has also given space and voice to those who question the output of such studies, including those published by The BMJ itself. The journal was among the first to call for open access to clinical trial data, much of which is left unpublished, held secret or misanalysed. The BMJ became one of the first medical journals in history to establish a medical investigative unit geared to understanding when research data represent some of the true and valuable breakthroughs of medicine, and when they are part of the sad history of spin trumping real science.

“This willingness to give voice to careful skeptics, and to insist on data transparency, has triggered the ire of industry and the recipients of its largesse on more than one occasion, leading to accusations and threats against The BMJ. Now, The BMJ is being attacked once again, over a paper involving statins, that should not be retracted as demanded by its critics. The BMJ was correct in publishing the paper, and did what was necessary in correcting an error. We, as doctors, researchers, scientists, patient advocates, journalists and others from around the globe, want to stand with The BMJ in its effort to elevate scientific and honorable dialogue about the issues of the day.”

 

Here are the signatories of the letter, listed alphabetically:

 

A/Prof Ian Kerridge, BA, BMed(Hons), MPhil, FRACP, FRCPA

Bioethicist, University of Sydney

Sydney/NSW, Australia

 

A/Prof Joachim Sturmberg, mbbs phd

GP

Wamberal, Australia

 

Abby Lippman, PhD

Professor Emerita, McGill University

Montréal. Québec, Canada

 

Abel Jaime Novoa Jurado, MPH

Emergency Department. General University Hopsital JM Morales Meseguer

Murcia, Spain

 

Ada GiudiceTompson, BAA, BEd

Patient Advocate www.rxreform.org

Toronto, Canada

 

Adriane Fugh-Berman, MD

Georgetown University Medical Center

Washington DC, USA

 

Aida Farha, Pharmacist

Medical librarian – American University of Beirut

Beirut, Lebanon

 

Aida Zurdinova, PhD

head of basic and clinical pharmacology department Kyrgyz-Russian Slavic Univercity

Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan

 

Aisha Ghare,

Queen’s Uniersity

Kingston, Canada

 

Alain Vadeboncoeur, MD

Emergency Physician

Longueuil, Canada

 

Alan Cassels, MPA

drug policy researcher

Victoria, BC, Canada

 

Alessandro Aldo Enrico Garuti, MD

Family Doctor

Castelo de Vide, Portugal

 

Alex Cressman, MSc

Medical Student, University of Toronto

Toronto, Canada

 

Alexander Tsai, MD, PhD

Assistant Professor, Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital

Boston, Massachusetts, USA

 

Alexandra Vieira de Araújo, MD

Medical Oncologist

Porto, Portugal

 

Alexis Clapin, MD

neurologist

Paris, France

 

Ali Khalil, MD

Clinical Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology, American University of Beirut

Beirut, Lebanon

 

Alice Dreger, PhD

Professor, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University

Chicago, IL, USA

 

amelia beltramini, bachelor’s degree

managing editor Focus

Milano, Italy

 

Ana Cristina Santos, MD

General Practitioner

Leiria, Portugal

 

Ana Luisa Fernandes,

Child Psychiatrist

Lisbon, Portugal

 

Ana Luisa Vaz Ferreira, Md

General pratice

Coimbra, Portugal

 

Ana marques, MD

Hospital Nélio Mendonça

funchal, Portugal

 

Ana Paula Calhau, Assistente grad. senior

MGF

MOITA, Portugal

 

Ana Rita Jesus Maria, MD

family physician

Lisbon, Portugal

 

Anahit Ayvazyan, MD,Ph.D

Head of Department of Rational Use of  Drugs and  Information Armenian Scientific Centre of  Drug and Medical Technology Expertise

Yerevan, Armenia

 

André Côté, Ph.D.

Université Laval

Québec, Qc., Canada

 

André Filipe dos Santos Reis, md

GP

Bragança, Portugal

 

André José Sousa Tomé, MD

Family Doctor

Lisboa, Portugal

 

André Nóbrega, MD

Family Doctor

Maia, Portugal

 

Andrea M. Baldomir,

Psychologist

Buenos Aires, Argentina

 

Andrés Stuardo, MD

Neurologist

Santiago de Chile, Chile

 

Andrew D Oxman, MD, MSc

Senior researcher, Norwegian Knowledge Centre for the Health Services

Oslo, Norway

 

Andrew Herxheimer, FRCP

emeritus fellow, UK Cochrane Centre

London, UK

 

Andrey,

clinical pharmacologist

Smolensk, Russia

 

Andy Lee Roth, PhD

sociologist

Claremont, CA, USA

 

Angela Fernanda Santos Neves, MD

USF Araceti

Coimbra, Portugal

 

angelo abel, MD, MSc

Family Medicine physician

Lisbon, Portugal

 

Anja Braend, MD

Ph.D.-candidate, University of Oslo

Oslo, Norway

 

Anna Barabashkina, MPH

clinical pharmacologist

Vladimir Regional Hospital, Russia

 

Anne Holbrook, MD,PharmD,MSc,

McMaster University

Hamilton, ON, Canada

 

Anne Vergison, MD, PhD

Medical direction, Union Nationale des Mutualités Socialistes

Brussels, Belgium

 

Annette Leibing, PhD

Full professor, University of Montreal

Montreal, Canada

 

António Macedo Mota, MD

Family Practioner

Leiria, Portugal

 

António Miguel Vieira, MD

Dr.

Lisboa, Portugal

 

Arild Bjorndal, MD PhD

Professor og Public Healh, Director of Child Mental Health

Oslo, Norway

 

Armando Brito de Sá, MD, PhD

Famaly doctor, Professor of General Practice, Lisbon Medical School

Lisboa, Portugal

 

Aron Sousa, MD

Senior Associate Dean, Academic Affairs, Michigan State University, College of Human Medicine

East Lansing, Michigan, USA

 

Arthur Reingold, MD

Professor, University of California, Berkeley

Berkeley, Ca, USA

 

ASMA, MD, MSc

Associate Professor, AUB

BEIRUT, Lebanon

 

Astrid Kause, MSc.

Harding Center for Risk Literacy, Max Planck Institute for Human Development

Berlin, Germany

 

Atle Klovning, MD, PhD

Associate professor/GP

Oslo, Norway

 

Avelino Bastos, Consultor

MGF

Celorico de Basto, Portugal

 

Aziz ur Rehman, PhD

Assistant Professor

Islamabad, Pakistan

 

Baktygul Kambaralieva, MD MPH

Clinical pharmacologist

Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan

 

Barbara H. Roberts, MD

Associate Clinical Professor of Medicine, Alpert Medical School of Brown University

Providence, RI, USA

 

Barbara Mintzes, PhD

Assistant Professor, School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia

Vancouver, B.C., Canada

 

Bernard Dugré, MD

GP

Sherbrooke, Québec, Canada

 

Bernardo Gomes, MD

Public Health Doctor

Feira, Portugal

 

Bjørn timmy Tollånes, MoM, MoPA

Senior adviser, Norwegian Knowledge Centre for the Health Services

Oslo, Norway

 

Blanca Penaloza, MD, M Sc

Family Physician

Santiago, Chile

 

Bonnie Spanier, Ph.D., Microbiology & Molec Gen

Retired Professor

Traverse City, MI, USA

 

Bontle Mbongwe, PhD

Interim Executive Director. Anti Tobacco Network (Botswana)

Gaborone, Botswana

 

BORDE, MD

nephrologist

Saintes, FRANCE

 

BOYER denis,

MGP

CHABEUIL, France

 

Braillon, MD PhD

Northern hospital

Amiens, France

 

Braillon, MD PhD

Senior Consultant

Amiens, France

 

Brian (AntiDepAware),

AntiDepAware

England, UK

 

Bruno Miguel Cêrca, MD

Doctor, GP, National Health Sistem

Vila Real, Portugal

 

Canila neves, Md

Uls matosinhos

Porto, Portugal

 

Carl Llor, MD

Cardiff University

Cardiff, UK

 

Carla Patrícia Guerreiro Gouveia, MD

GP at Centro Saúde de Loures

Lisbon, Portugal

 

Carlos Rodrigues Alexandre, MD

Family doctor

Santarem, Portugal

 

Carol P. Herbert, MD

Western University

London, Ontario, Canada

 

Carolyn Canfield, citizen=patient

citizen-patient and honorary lecturer, UBC

Vancouver, BC, Canada

 

Catharina Mathei, MD, PhD

KULEUVEN

Leuven, Belgium

 

Cecilia Shinn, MD

Family Doctor, ACES Lisboa Ocidental e Oeiras

Oeiras, Portugal

 

Charles Sigler, DPhil

Psychotherapist

PA, USA

 

Christian Fau, MD, MSc

Fundacion2020

Santiago, Chile

 

Ciprian Jauca

Managing Editor, Cochrane Hypertension Group, University of British Columbia

Vancouver, BC, Canada

 

Cláudia Antão, MD

Family Physician

Lisbon, Portugal

 

COLETTI, MD

GP

VERSAILLES, France

 

Colin Rose, MD, PhD

McGill University

Montreal, QC, Canada

 

Colleen Fuller

Chair, PharmaWatch Canada

Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

 

Conceição Outeirinho, MD

Family Medicine

Porto, Portugal

 

Cornelia J. Baines, MD, MSc, FACE

Professor Emerita, Dalla Lana School Of Public Health, University of Toronto, Canada

Toronto, Ontario, Canada

 

Cristiana Teixeira da Silva, MD

Phamily Phisician

Porto, Portugal

 

Dale E. Hammerschmidt, MD, FACP

Prof. emeritus, Univ. Minn.; Editor emeritus, J.Lab.Clin.Med.

Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA

 

Daniel M Fatovich, MBBS FACEM PhD

Professor of Emergency Medicine, University of Western Australia

Perth, WA, Australia

 

David B. Spring, MD

radiologist (retired)

San Francisco, CA, USA

 

David Bergin

teacher

Ottawa/Ontario, Canada

 

David Carmichael, MA

York University

Toronto, Canada

 

David Cohen, PhD

Professor, UCLA

Los Angeles, California, USA

 

David H Newman, MD

Director of Clinical Research, Dept of EM, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

New York, New York, USA

 

David Healy, MD

Professor of Psychiatry

Bangor, Wales

 

David Juurlink, MD, PhD, FRCPC, FAACT, FACMT

Professor of Medicine, Pediatrics and Health Policy, University of Toronto

Toronto, Canada

 

David L. Brown, MD

Professor of Medicine Washington University School of Medicine

St. Louis, MO, USA

 

David L. Hahn, MD, MS

Family Physician and Researcher

Madison. Wisconsin, USA

 

David McD Taylor, MBBS, MD, MHP, DRCOG, FACEM

Director of Emergency and General Medicine Research, Austin Health

Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

 

David Moher, PhD

Senior Scientist, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute

Ottawa/Ontario, Canada

 

David Rodrigues, MD

Assistant GP – UCSP Torres Vedras

Torres Vedras, Portugal

 

David U. Himmelstein, M.D.

Professor, City University of New York School of Public Health

New Yor, NY, USA

 

De Jonghe, MD

general practionner – UCL – Minerva

Brussels, Belgium

 

De Lepeleire Jan, Md, PhD

Unviersity Leuven

Leuven, Belgium

 

De Sutter An, MD, PhD

Associate Professor, Department of Family Medicine and Primary Health Care, Ghent University

Ghent, Belgium

 

Dee Mangin, MBChB, DPH, FRNZCGP

David Braley Nancy Gordon Chair in Family Medicine, McMaster University

Ontario, Canada

 

Dilyara Nurkhametova, MD

Kazan State Medical University

Kazan, Russia

 

Dmitry Sychev, MD, PhD, Professor

clinical pharmacologist

Moscow, Russia

 

Donald W. Light, PhD

Network Fellow, Edmond J Safra Center for Ethics, Harvard University

Cambridge, USA

 

Dorie Apollonio, PhD MPP

Associate Professor, UCSF

San Francisco, CA, USA

 

Dr Aubrey Blumsohn, MBBCh PhD FRCPath

Pathologist

Sheffield, UK

 

Dr Fred Kavalier

General Practitioner

London, UK

 

Dr Luigi Palombi, LLB, BEc, PhD

Lawyer

Sydney, Australia

 

Dr Nanette Okun, MD, MHSc

Obstetrician, Universitt of Toronto

Tironto, Canada

 

Dr Nick Francis, PhD, MD, PGD (Epidemiology), BA

Senior Clinical Research Fellow, Cardiff University

Cardiff, UK

 

Dr Peter Duncan, PhD

Public Health Academic

London, UK

 

Dr Stephen Macdonald, MBChB MRCP FACEM

Associate Professor in Emergency Medicine, University of Western Australia

Perth, Australia

 

Dr. Bonnie Burstow, PhD.

Faculty member, Univeristy of Toronto

Toronto, Canada

 

Dr. Brenda A. LeFrancois, PhD

Associate Professor, School of Social Work, cross-appointed to the Faculty of Medicine, Memorial University of Newfoundland

St. John’s, Canada

 

Dr. Kira Frketich, BA, ND

Naturopathic doctor

Port Moody/BC, Canada

 

Dr. Neeru Goel, MD

Obst & Gyn,

Lucknow, India

 

Dr. Odette Wegwarth, PhD

Senior Reseracher, harding center for Risk Literacy, Berlin

Berlin, Germnay

 

DVMcQueen, Sc.D.

Consultant

Atlanta, GA, USA

 

Edgar Ferreira, MD

Family Physician

Seixal, Portugal

 

Eduardo J. Simoes, MD, MSc, MPH

Professor University of Missouri School of Medicine

Columbia/MO, USA

 

Edwin Gale, MD

Emeritus Professor of Diabetes, Bristol University

Bristol, UK

 

Eivind Meland, MD, PhD

University of Bergen

Bergen, Norway

 

Eleanor Ranald, HBA, MSW, MPH

Social Worker, Clinical Psychologist, Researcher

London, UK

 

Elia Abi-Jaoude, MSc, MD, FRCPC

Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto

Toronto/Ontario, Canada

 

Elie Akl, MD, MPH, PhD

Associate Professor of Medicine, American University of Beirut

Beirut, Lebanon

 

Elizabeth A Boyd, PhD

Bioethicist

Claremont, CA, USA

 

Elizabeth Reis, Ph.D.

Professor, University of Oregon

Eugene, USA

 

Elizabeth Saenger, PhD

psychologist

New York, NY, USA

 

Ellen Reynolds, MPA Candidate

University of Victoria

Victoria, BC, Canada

 

Ellina Mukhametshina

student

Kazan, Russia

 

Else-Marie Buch Leander, MA

Ph.d.-candidate, University of Aarhus

Aarhus, Denmark

 

Enrique Falceto de Barros, MD

Professor at Universidade de Caxias do Sul

Santa Maria do Herval, Brasil

 

Enrique Gavilán, MD

Family Physician

Spain, Spain

 

Eric Breton, PhD

Chair in health promotion, Ecole des hautes études en santé publique (EHESP)

Rennes, France

 

Esteve Fernandez, MD, MPH, PhD

Associate Professor, Catalan Institute of Oncology / University of Barcelona

L’Hospitalet (Barcelona), Catalonia

 

Fernand Turcotte, MD,MPH,FRCPC.

Prof Emeritus, Université Laval

Quebec, Canada

 

Fernando Garcia

General Practitioner  / Centro de Saúde de Mirandela -I

Mirandela, Portugal

 

Fernando Salgado Blanco, MD

Xiyun Centre of Chinese Medicine

Santiago, Spain

 

Folke Sundelin, MD

Assistant Medical Director

Oslo, Norway

 

François PESTY

Pharmacist

Fontenay-le-Fleury, France

 

Francoise Baylis, PhD

Professor and Canada Research Chair in Bioethics and Philosophy

Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada

 

Frank Wells, FRCP, FRCPE, FFPM

Retired pharmaceutical physician

Ipswich/Suffolk, UK

 

Freddy Falez, MD, PhD

Collège d’enseignement en évaluation du dommage corporel, Université Libre de Bruxelles

Bruxelles, Belgium

 

Frederick Spencer, MD

Cardiologist

Hamilton, Canada

 

Gabriel Cea, MD

Associated Profesor of Neurology

Santiago, Chile

 

Gabriel Rada, MD

President, Epistemonikos Foundation

santiago, Chile

 

Gabriela Poças, MD

Family physician

Vila do Conde, Portugal

 

GASTAN, md

GENERALISTE

BOULOGNE SUR MER, France

 

Gayle Sulik, MA, PhD

Research Associate, University at Albany

Albany, NY, USA

 

Geert W. ‘t Jong, MD, PhD

Clinician Scientist in Pediatrics

Winnipeg, Canada

 

Geoffrey K Isbister, BSc MBBS MD

Clinical Toxicologist

Newcastle, Australia

 

George lundberg, md scd

medical editor

San Francisco  CA, USA

 

Georges Levesque, MD, FRCP (C)

Emergency medicine specialist

Montreal, Canada

 

Geraldine Macdonald

Professor of Social Work

Belfast, UK

 

Gerd Gigerenzer, PhD

Director, Max Planck Institute for Human Development

Berlin, Germany

 

Giles Greene, PhD

Reseach Associate

Cardiff, Cardiff

 

Glenn Arendts, MBBS MMed

Emergency Physician

WA, Australia

 

Goethals, MD

GP

Brussels, Belgium

 

Gordon Guyatt, MD, MSc

Distinguished Professor, McMaster University

Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

 

Graeme Hankey, MD, FRACP, FRCP

Neurologist

Perth, Australia

 

Gretchen LeFever Watson, PhD

Clinical Psychologist

Norfolk, VA, USA

 

GROSJEAN Oscar V., MD, Ph.D

surgeon

LIEGE, Belgium

 

Gubaeva Diliara, MD

student Kazan State Medical University

Kazan/Tatarstan, Russia

 

Guri Rortveit, MD PhD

Uni Research Health and University of Bergen

Bergen, Norway

 

H. Gilbert Welch, MD, MPH

Professor of Medicine

Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy & Clinical Practice, USA

 

Hanna Blackledge, MD, MPH, PhD

Public Health Specialist

Coalville, UK

 

HARRIAGUE Jean-Baptiste, MD

general practitioner

Cadillac, France

 

Helena Ferreira, MD

General and family medicine

Barcelos, Portugal

 

Helena Oliveira, MD

Pathologist

Cascais, Portugal

 

HENNEBO Nicolas, MD

General Practitionner

Roubaix, FRANCE

 

Henry Greenspan, Ph.D.

University of Michigan

Ann Arbor, MI, USA

 

Herminia Isabel Ferreira Teixeira, MD

Centro de Saúde da Senhora da Hora

Matosinhos, Portugal

 

Holgeir Skjeie, MD

Reseacher, Department of General Pracice, University of Oslo, Norway

Kristiansand, Norway

 

Howard Barkan, MA, DrPH

Lead Consulting Statistician, School of Public Health, University of California Berkeley;Adjunct Professor, Saybrook University

Berkeley, CA, USA

 

Howard Brody, MD, PhD

University of Texas Medical Branch

Galveston, TX, USA

 

Hugo, MD

GP

Lisbon, Portugal

 

HUMBERT ¨PATRICE, DOCTOR

GP

ST DENIS, FRANCE

 

Iain Chalmers, DSc

Coordinator, James Lind Initiative

Oxford, UK

 

Ian Colman, PhD

Associate Professor, University of Ottawa

Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

 

Ines Lein, Dr. rer. nat.

Harding Center for Risk Literacy

Berlin, Germany

 

Irving Kirsch, PhD

Harvard Medical School

Boston, USA

 

isabel  alvim, MD

aces porto ocidental

Porto, Portugal

 

isabel santos, MD, PhD

Family Doctor

lisboa, Portugal

 

Ivan Paravisini, MPH

obst-gyn

Caracas, Venezuela

 

J A Golembiewski, PhD

Researcher, University of Sydney

Sydney, NSW, Australia

 

Jacques Falquet, PhD

Dr (University of Geneva, Switzerland)

Geneva, Switzerland

 

Jaime Brito da Torre, MD

GP

Barreiro, Portugal

 

James Brophy, MD, PhD

Cardiologist

Montreal QC, Canada

 

James Li, MD

Miles Memorial Hospital

Damariscotta, ME, USA

 

Jamie Lindemann Nelson, Ph.D.

Professor of Philosophy, Michigan State Univeristy

East Lansing, MI, USA

 

Jane M. Orient, MD

physician

Tucson, Arizona, USA

 

JANET HEAVYSIDE, MD, CCFP, FRCPC

PHYSICIAN EPIDEMIOLOGIST

BRITISH COLUMBIA, Canada

 

Janet L. Dolgin, JD, PhD

Professor Hofstra University

Hempstead, NY, USA

 

Janet Martin, PharmD

Assistant Professor, Dept of Anesthesia, Western University

Ontario, Canada

 

Janice Hopkins Tanne, BA

Medical Journalist

New York, NY, USA

 

Jason W. Busse, DC, PhD

Assistant Professor, McMaster University

Hamilton, Canada

 

Javier Garjón, PharmD

Health-System Pharmacist. Servicio Navarro de Salud-Osasunbidea

Navarra, Spain

 

Jay Siwek, MD

Professor of Family Medicine, Georgetown University Medical Center

Washington, DC, USA

 

Jean DOUBOVETZKY, MD

ARÉSIP, Prescrire

Toulouse, France

 

Jean Levasseur, MD, MSc

GP

Joliette, Canada

 

Jean-Blaise Wasserfallen, MD MPP

University Hospital of Lausanne (CHUV)

Lausanne, Switzerland

 

Jean-Claude Salomon, MD

retired

Paris, France

 

Jean-Claude St-Onge, PhD

Writer

Montreal, Canada

 

Jean-Pierre AUBERT, MD

Pr of Gal Practice, University Paris Diderot, France

PARIS, France

 

Jean-Pierre Pellerin, PhD

Centre Hospitalier de Verdun

Verdun, Montréal, Canada

 

Jeanne Lenzer

freelance medical investigative journalist

Kingston, NY, USA

 

Jeffrey Hall, JD

Research Policy Director, University of California Office of the President

Oakland, CA, USA

 

Jeffrey M. Blum, J.D., Ph.D.

Attorney, formerly professor of constitutional law and civil procedure

Louisville, Kentucky, USA

 

Jeffrey R. Lacasse, Ph.D.

Assistant Professor, Florida State University

Tallahassee, FL, USA

 

Jennifer O’Loughlin, PhD

Professor, University of Montreal

Montreal, Canada

 

Jennifer Popay

Professor Sociology and PUblic Health, Lancaster University

Lancaster, UK

 

Jerome P. Kassirer, MD

Tufts University School of Medicine

Boston, MA, USA

 

Jerome R Hoffman, MA MD

Professor Emeritus, UCLA

LA, CA, USA

 

jesse m polansky, md,mph

public health physician

baltimore, MD, USA

 

Joana Melo Cabrita, MD

Family Physician

Matosinhos, Portugal

 

João Júlio Cerqueira, MD

Family Doctor

Porto, Portugal

 

João Manuel Martins Alves da Silva, MD

Family Doctor

Entroncamento, Portugal

 

Jocelyn Downie, SJD

Professor, Dalhousie University

Halifax, Canada

 

Jochen WL Cals, MD PhD

GP and assistant professor

Maastricht, The Netherlands

 

Joe Lex, MD

Emergency Medicine

Philadelphia, PA, USA

 

Joel Lexchin, MD

School of Health Policy & Management, York University

Toronto, Canada

 

joel oosterlinck, MD

GP private practice

la saline, France

 

Johann Agust Sigurdsson, MD., Dr.Med.

Professor, General Practice, University of Trondheim,

Trondheim, Norway

 

Johanna Ryan

paralegal

Berwyn, USA

 

Johanna Trimble,

Citizen Advocate, Patient/Family Representative

Vancouver, BC, Canada

 

John H Noble Jr, PhD

Emeritus Professor, SUNY/Buffalo

Georgetown, Texas, USA

 

John M Last, MD, DPH, FRCPC, FFPH

Emeritus professor, University of Ottawa

Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

 

John M. Nardo, MD

Psychiatrist, Blogger @ 1boringoldman.com

Georgia, USA

 

John P.A. Ioannidis, MD, DSc

Professor, Stanford University

Stanford, CA, USA

 

John R Bola, PhD

Associate Professor, CityU Hong Kong

Kowloon Tong, Hong Kong

 

John R. Bend, PhD

Research Professor

London, Ontario, Canada

 

Jon F. Merz, MBA, JD, PhD

Associate Professor, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Philadelphia, PA, USA

 

Jonathan Leo, Ph.D.

Professor

Harrogate TN, USA

 

Jordi Pardo Pardo,

Managing Editor

Ottawa, Canada

 

Jorge Silva, MD

General Practitioner

Porto, Portugal

 

Jorge Van Krieken

Journalist

Marvão, Portugal

 

Jørgen G. Bramness, MD, PhD

Professor, Norwegian Centre for Addiction Research

Oslo, Norway

 

Jørgen Lous, MD, DrMedSci,

Professor

Odense, Denmark

 

Jørund Straand, ph.d

Professor, University of Oslo

Oslo, Norway

 

Jose Antonio Miranda, MD

GP

Lisboa, Portugal

 

Jose Augusto Simoes, MD, PhD

Family physician, ACeS BM

Coimbra, Portugal

 

Jose Carvalho Santos, MD

Family Doctor

Ponta Delgada, Portugal

 

Jose Castro, MD

GENERAL SURGEON

Viseu, Portugal

 

jose garcia garcia, MD

MFG centro saude lagos

lagos, Portugal

 

jose luis clemente, MD

MGF

mirandela, Portugal

 

José Manuel Mendes Nunes, MD, MSc, PhD

Family Medicine

Lisbon, Portugal

 

José Manuel Silva, PhD

University Hospital of Coimbra

Coimbra, Portugal

 

Jose Ponte, MD, DIC, PhD, FRCA

Emeritus Professor, University of Algarve

Faro, Portugal

 

Jose Rodriguez Silva, general practitionner

general practitionner

Portalegre, Portugal

 

Joseph Amuah, BSc, MSc, PhD

Adjunct Professor, Faculty of medicine, University of Ottawa

Ottwas, Canada

 

Joseph S. Ross, MD, MHS

Assistant Professor, Yale University School of Medicine

New Haven, CT, USA

 

Joshua Earnest, MS

Adjunct Professor, Georgetown Univeristy

Fredericksburg/VA, USA

 

Joyce, MSW

Deputy Director, Breast Cancer Action

San Francisco, CA, USA

 

Juan Erviti, PhD

Navarre Health Service

Pamplona, Spain

 

Judith P. Swazey, PhD

Professional ethics

Bar Harbor ME, USA

 

Kamal F Badr, MD

Professor of Nephrology, American University of Beirut

Beirut, Lebanon

 

Kameshwar Prasad, MD, DM, MMSc

All India Institute of Medical Sciences

New Delhi, India

 

Kary Mullis

Nobel laureate

USA

 

Ken Brummel-Smith, MD, MD

Chair, Department of Geriatrics, Florida State University College of Medicine

Tallahassee/FL, USA

 

Kenneth C Johnson, PhD

Epidemiologist, Adjunct Professor, University of Ottawa

Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

 

Kenneth W Lin, MD, MPH

Georgetown University

Washington, DC, USA

 

Kerenza Hood, PhD

Professor, Cardiff University

Cardiff, Wales

 

Kim Van Dyke

loving family caregiver

MA, USA

 

Kim Witczak

Co-organizer, Selling Sickness

Minneapolis, MN, USA

 

Kirpichnikova natalia

farmakologi

Chabarovsk, Rossia

 

Kirsten Green, B Sci, MPH

Primary Health Care Org

Shepparton, Australia

 

Kirsten Patrick, MBBCh, DA

Deputy Editor, CMAJ

Ottawa, Canada

 

Kissar Lidia

regional clinical hospital

Kaliningrad, Russia

 

Klaus D Pluemer, Socio Economist

ETC Coordinator

Düsseldorf, Germany

 

Kristine Marshall

Mental health nursing student

Brighton, Uk

 

Lama Charafeddine, MD

Neonatologist

Beirut, Lebanon

 

LAMBERT Lionel, MD

médecine générale

Montauban, France

 

Larissa Shamser, PhD candidate

Ottawa Hospital Research Institute

Ottawa/Ontario, Canada

 

Laurence Monnais, Ph D.

Professor of history, medical historian

Montreal, Qc, Canada

 

Laurie M Anderson, PhD

Epidemiologist

Olympia, WA, USA

 

LE GOAZIOU MF, PHD

GENERAL PRACTICE

LYON, France

 

Lejla Halilovic, BSc, OCGC (Pharm. Reg. Affairs)

Research Assistant | Policy Analyst

Toronto, Canada

 

Leonor Mota, MD

Pulmonology

Lisbon, Portugal

 

Lewis Leavitt, MD

Physician

Madison, WI, USA

 

Li Bei, MD

oncologist

Porto, Portugal

 

Liliya Eugenevna Ziganshina, MD, PhD, DSci

Professor, Head of Pharmacology Department, Kazan Federal University

Kazan, Russia

 

Linda Furlini, PhD

Consultant

Montreal, Canada

 

Linda Wüsthoff, MD

Psychiatrist

Oslo, Norway

 

Lisa Bero, PhD

Professor, University of California San Francisco

San Francisco, USA

 

Liya Litvinova, MD

Clinical pharmacologist

Astana, Kazakhstan

 

Louise Blixham, BSc Hons

Nutrition Researcher

Somerset, UK

 

Louise POtvin, PhD

Professor, Université de Montréal

Montréal, Canada

 

Lucian L. Leape, MD

Harvard School of Public Health

Boston, MA, USA

 

Lucie Rychetnik, MPH PhD

Associate Professor, School of Medicine, University of Notre Dame Australia

Sydney, Australia

 

Lucio Libanio, MD

Family Medicine

Santarem, Portugal

 

Luis Acuña SM, MD

Médico, Hospital del Trabajador

Santiago, Chile

 

Luis Andrés Gimeno Feliu, MD, PHD

General Practitioner

Zaragoza, Spain

 

Luis Carlos Saiz, PhD

Pharmacotherapy Research Coordinator, Navarre Health Service

Pamplona, Spain

 

Luís Filipe Gomes, MD

Family Doctor

Portimão, Portugal

 

Madeline Boscoe, R.N., D.U.

Manager/Researcher

Vancouver, Canada

 

Malwina Holownia, MPharm

Director of Economics Russian Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research

Moscow, Russia

 

Manon Niquette, Ph. D.

Professor, Dep. Information and Communication, Laval University

Quebec City, Quebec, Canada

 

Manuela Carvalho, MD

General Practitioner

Lisboa, Portugal

 

Manuela Cruz, MD

General Practitioner

Lisbon, Portugal

 

Marc De Meyere, MD,MPH

Professor (retired)Depertment of geneal Practice and primary care University ghent Belgium

Ghent, Belgium

 

Marc Jamoulle, MD

Family doctor,

Gilly, Belgium

 

Marc-Andre Gagnon, PhD

Assistant Professor, Carleton University

Ottawa/Ontario, Canada

 

Marcelo Pellizzaro Dias Afonso,

Family Physician

Brasília, Brazil

 

Marcia Sardy Schofield, MA MB BChir MSc

Physician and Hon Senior Lecturer

Newmarket, UK

 

Maria Balsinha, MD

USF Marginal

Lisbon, Portugal

 

MARIA DE LOURDES SOUSA TAVARES DA SILVA, CONSULTORA

MEDICNA GERAL FAMILIAR

ALBERGARIA-A-VELHA, Portugal

 

Maria do Carmo Cardoso brutt  Pacheco, assistente clínica geral

ARS Lisboa

Lisboa, Portugal

 

Maria José Carvalho, Md

C P

Lisboa, Portugal

 

maria lurdes peres lopes

family doctor, ULSAM

braga, Portugal

 

Marie-France Raynault, MD, MSc, FRCP(c), FCAHS

Full professor, University of Montreal

Montreal, QC, Canada

 

Marieke Lemiengre, MD

General Practitioner, Ghent University

Astene, Belgium

 

Mário Machado Cruz, MD

GP

Cascais, Portugal

 

Marisa Emília Prada Belchior, MD

Médica de Familia

São Romão do Coronado, Portugal

 

Marjukka Mäkelä, MD, PhD, M.Sc.

Professor, National Institute of Health and Welfare

Helsinki, Finlland

 

Mark H Wilson, PHD

Health Research Associates

Guelph, Canada

 

Mark Loeb, MD, MSc

Infectious Diseases Physician

Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

 

marlene calisto, MD

family physician

Lisbon, Portugal

 

Marta Amorim Vasconcelos Cardoso Alves, MD

Internal Medicine

Porto, Portugal

 

Martine Van Hecke, MD

Test-Achats

Brussels, Belgium

 

Marwa Soubra, MPH

Research Assistant, American University of Beirut Medical Center

Beirut, Lebanon

 

Maryann Napoli,

Associate Director, Center for Medical Consumers

New York, New York, USA

 

Maryanne Demasi, PhD

Journalist, ABC TV Australia

Sydney, Australia

 

Matthew Stanbrook, MD PhD

Deputy Editor, CMAJ; Associate Professor of Medicine, University of Toronto

Toronto, Canada

 

matthieu YVER, MD

pathology department head, Public Hospital

Marne la vallée, France

 

Matthys Jan, MD

GP University Gent

Gent, Belgium

 

Maureen Meade, MD

Intensive care physician

Hamilton/Ontario, Canada

 

Maurice B Mittelmark, B.S., M.A., PhD. FACE

Professor, University of Bergen

Bergen, Norway

 

Maurice Vanbellinghen, M.A.

Project Officer Health – Belgian Consumers’ Association Test-Achats/Test-Aankoop

Brussels, Belgium

 

Mayer Brezis, MD MPH

Professor of Medicine, Hadassah Hebrew University Medical Center

Jerusalem, Israel

 

Meetali Kakad, MB CHB, MPH

Public Health Physician/Health administrator

Oslo, Norway

 

Meic Goodyear, BSc DMPH

Retired Public Health Specialist

Lewes, UK

 

Melissa Raven, PhD, MMedSci(ClinEpid)

Research Fellow, Flinders University

South Australia, Australia

 

Meryl Nass, MD

internist

Ellsworth, Maine, USA

 

Mette Brekke, MD

Professor, University of Oslo

Oslo, Norway

 

Michael A. Carome, MD

Director, Public Citizen’s Health Research Group

Washington/DC, USA

 

Michael de Vibe, MD

Dr

Oslo, Norway

 

Michel Labrecque, MD, PhD

Profesor, Université Laval

Québec, Canada

 

Michel O’Neill, PhD

Professor Emeritus, École des Sciences Infirmières, Université Laval

Québec, QC, Canada

 

Mick Bramham

Existential Psychotherapist

Weymouth, UK

 

Miguel Ângelo Martins da Cunha, MD

General Practicioner resident

Porto, Portugal

 

Miguel Lopes Louro, MD

Family Medicine

Caldas da Rainha, Portugal

 

Miguel Melo, MD

General Practioner

Oporto, Portugal

 

Mikael Rabaeus, MD

Cardiologist Clinique La Prairie

Montreux, Switzerland

 

Mikhail Mavlikeev, MD

histologist

kazan, russia

 

Mikkel BORCH-JACOBSEN, Ph.D.

Professor, University of Washington

Seattle, USA

 

MOHAMMED TOSEEF ANSARI, MBBS; mMMedSc; MPhil

Associate Investigator, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute

Ottawa/ON, Canada

 

Mona Nabulsi, MD, MS

Professor of Clinical Pediatrics, American University of Beirut

Beirut, Lebanon

 

Mónica Granja, MD

family physician, Matosinhos Local Health Unit

Porto, Portugal

 

Monica Taljaard, PhD

Biostatistician, Scientist, Assistant Professor

Ottawa, Canada

 

Morten Lindbæk, MD, PhD

Professor

Oslo, Norway

 

nadia ismail, MSc

clinical pharmacy Specialist

alkhobar, Saudi Arabia

 

Nancy Olivieri, MD, FRCPC

Physician

Toronto, Canada

 

Nathalie Péronnet Salaün, MD

general practitioner

Méry Sur Oise, France

 

Neil Arya, BASc MD CCFP FCFP D. Litt.

Assistant Clinical Professor Family Medicine (part-time) McMaster University; Adjunct Professor Family Medicine Western University; Adjunct Professor Environment and Resource Studies University of Waterloo

Waterloo, Ontario, Canada

 

Neville David Yeomans, MB BS, MD, DSc (h.c.)

University of Melbourne

Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

 

Nicholas Moore, MD, PhD, FRCP (Edin)

Professor, University of Bordeaux

Bordeaux, France

 

nico naumann, MD

gynecologist

rome, italy

 

Nicole Meier, ND

Cornerstone Health

Georgetown, Ontario, Canada

 

NICOT Philippe, MD

FORMINDEP

PANAZOL, France

 

Nino Künzli, MD, PhD

Prof.

Basel, Switzerland

 

Nuno Gonçalo Calvão Pinto, MD

Family Medicine

Maia, Portugal

 

Nuno Rodrigues, MD

USF Tempo de Cuidar

Porto, Portugal

 

Olga, MPH

Regional Hospital, clinical pharmacologist

Chelyabinsk, Russia

 

Pablo Alonso, MD, PhD

Researcher

Barcelona, Spain

 

Parikshit Tank, MD

Gynecologist

Mumbai, India

 

Parve Swapnil, MD

Senior Resident, Kazan state medical university

Kazan, Russia

 

PASCA Elena,

philosopher, blogger (Pharmacritique blog)

Paris, France

 

Patrik Vankrunkelsven, MD

Docent KULeuven

Leuven, Belgium

 

Paul Crossette, MD

FM

Orlando, Florida, USA

 

Paul Garner, MB BS MD

Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine

Liverpool, UK

 

Paul Ou, MD

Emergency physician

Corpus Christi /Texas, USA

 

Paul Scheffer, PhD Student

Paris8/Cnam

Paris, France

 

Paulo Jorge, MD

GP

Lisboa, Portugal

 

Pedro Azevedo, MD

Family Doctor

Porto, Portugal

 

Per Hjortdahl, MD, PhD

Professor, Faculty of medicine, University of Oslo

Oslo, Norway

 

Per Olav Vandvik, MD, Ph.D

Ass.professor, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo

OSLO, Norway

 

Peter C Gøtzsche, DrMedSci, MSc

Professor and Director, Nordic Cochrane Centre

Copenhagen, Denmark

 

Peter Heywood, MCC, MNS, PhD

Menzies Centre for Health Policy, University of Sydney

NSW, Australia

 

Phil  Brewer, MD

Quinnipiac and Yale Universities

Connecticut, USA

 

Philippa Moore, MBBSc MRCGP

Family Doctor

Santiago, Chile

 

Philippe FOUCRAS, MD

GP, founder of Formindep

Paris, France

 

Pia Touboul Lundgren, MD

Department of Public Health Nice University Hospital

Nice, France

 

Pierre Biron, MD MS

Honorary professor, clinical pharmacologist, Faculty of Medicine, Université de Montréal

Montreal, Quebec, Canada

 

Pommier Jeanine, MD, MPH, PhD

public health specialist

Rennes, France

 

Prasanna Sritharan

Biomechanical Engineer

Glen Waverley, Victoria, Australia

 

Preben Aavitsland, MD

Epidemiologist

Kristiansand, Norway

 

Prof Dave Holmes, PhD

University of Ottawa

Ottaw, Ontario, Canada

 

Prof David R Katz, MB PhD FRCPath

Immunopatholgist

London, UK

 

Prof Frank Buntinx, MD, PhD

Professor at thedepartment ofGeneral Practiece, Catholic University Leuven & Maastricht University

Leuven, Belgium

 

Prof Peter King, Ph D

University of Sydney

nsw, Australia

 

Prof Simon Chapman, AO PhD FASSA

Professor of Public Health

University of Sydney, Australia

 

Prof. E. Sanz, MD,PhD

Dean. Medical School. University of La Laguna

La Laguna. Tenerife, Spain

 

Professor Hans Onya, MPH, PhD

Health Promotion Specialist

Polokwane, South Africa

 

Professor John Read, PhD

University of Liverpool

Liverpool, UK

 

Professor Richard Parish, CBE, DSc (hc), HonFRPharmS, HonFRSPH

Public Health

Bedfordshire, UK

 

Professor Simon G. A. Brown, MBBS PhD FACEM

University of Western Australia

Western Australia, Australia

 

Professor Thomas Faunce, BMed, BA/LLB(hons) PhD

Professor Bioethics, Health Law and Human Rights Australian National University

Canberra/ACT, Australia

 

Rafael Garcia Eymael, MD

Family Physician (GP)

Florianopolis / Santa Catarina, Brasil

 

Rakesh Biswas, MD

Professor of Medicine

Bhopal, India

 

Ravil Niyazov

DRA

Moscow, Russia

 

Raymond H. Curry, MD

Professor of Medicine and Medical Education, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine

Chicago, Illinois, USA

 

Rémy Boussageon, MB, PhD

General practionner

Poitiers, France

 

René Lavigueur, MD

General Practice

Sainte-Anne des Monts, Canada

 

Ricardo Félix Morais, MD

Radiologist

Coimbra, Portugal

 

Ricardo Reis, MD

Respiratory physician, Centro Hospitalar de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro

Vila Real, Portugal

 

Richard A. Deyo, MD, MPH

Professor, Oregon Health & Science University

Portland, Oregon, USA

 

Richard Millwood, BSc

Trinity College Dublin

Dublin, Ireland

 

Richard Roberts, MD, JD

Family Physician

Belleville, WI, USA

 

Richard Rowland, BSc

Teacher Flourishing Together CIO

Melksham, UK

 

Rizerio Salgado

Family Doctor

Lisbon, Portugal

 

Rob Wipond

Journalist

Victoria, BC, Canada

 

Robert Béliveau, Md

Institut de Cardiologie de Montréal

Montreal, QC, Canada

 

Robert Perreault, MD, FRCPC

McGill University

Montreal, Canada

 

Ronice Maria Pereira Franco de Sá, MD, MSc, PhD

UFPE- Brazil

Recife- Pernambuco, Brazil

 

Rory E. Kraft, Jr., Ph.D.

Assistant Professor of Philosophy, York College of Pennsylvania

York, PA, USA

 

Roy M Poses, MD

Foundation for Integrity and Responsibility in Medicine

Warren, RI, USA

 

Rui Correia de Sá, MD

Family Doctor

Porto, Portugal

 

Rui Pedro de Oliveira Eusébio, MD

Family Physician

Guimarães, Portugal

 

Ruth E. Malone, RN, MS, PhD, FAAN

Professor, Chair, and Mary Harms/Nursing Alumni Endowed Chair of Nursing and Health Policy, University of California, San Francisco

San Francisco, CA, USA

 

Ruth Macklin, PhD

Professor of Bioethics, Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Bronx, New York, USA

 

S. Randolph Kretchmar, J.D.

Attorney

Wilmette, IL, USA

 

Samuel Coenen, MD, PhD

Associate professor at the University of Antwerp

Antwerp, Belgium

 

Sara Silveira Andre, MD

Family Physician

Palmela, Portugal

 

Sergey Sidorenko, MD

Head of the department of Moecular microbiology

Saint Petersburg, Russia

 

Shannon Brownlee, MS

Senior Vice President, Lown Institute

Boston, MA, USA

 

Siary Alain, Docteur

family practioner

Savigny Le Temple, France

 

Sidney Wolfe, MD

Founder, Public Citizen Health Research Group

Washington, DC, USA

 

Signe Flottorp, MD, PhD

Norwegian Knowledge Centre for the Health Services

Oslo, Norway

 

Sigurd Høye, MD, PhD

Researcher, University of Oslo

Oslo, Norway

 

Silvio Garattini, Professor

Director, IRCCS Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri

Milan, Italy

 

Soledad Márquez-Calderón, MD, MPH, Ph

Public Health Officer

Sevilla, Spain

 

Somaiah Ahmed, MPH

Clinical Research Coordinator, Children’s National Medical Center

Washington, DC, USA

 

Steffie Woolhandler, M.D., M.P.H.

Professor, City University  of New York School of Public Health

New York, NY, USA

 

Steinar Hunskaar, MD, PhD

University of Bergen

Bergen, Norway

 

Steinar Westin, MD, PhD

Professor

Trondheim, Norway

 

Stephanie Southard, PharmD

University of Maryland

Rockville/MD, USA

 

susan bewley, md frcog ma

kings college london

london, UK

 

Susan Levenstein, MD

internist

Rome, Italy

 

Svein Gjelstad, MD, PhD

Researcher, University of Oslo

Oslo, Norway

 

Swapnil Hiremath, MD, MPH

Nephrologist

Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

 

Sylvia Conceição, MD

Family Physician

Faro, Portugal

 

Ted Schrecker

Professor of Global Health Policy, Durham University

Stockton-on-Tees, UK

 

Teresa Libório, MD

Family doctor

Oeiras, Portugal

 

Thea Cacchioni, PhD

Professor, University of Victoria

Victoria, BC, Canada

 

Thomas Agoritsas, MD

Physician, McMaster University

Hamilton/Ontario, Canada

 

Thomas B. Newman, MD, MPH

Professor of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, UCSF

San Francisco, CA, USA

 

Thomas C. Südhof

scientist

Menlo Park, CA, USA

 

Thomas Kristian Tollefsen, Cand. Psychol.

Psychologist

Oslo, Norway

 

Thomas Kuehlein, PhD

Prof. Dr. med.

Erlangen, Germany

 

Thomas L. Perry, M.D., C.M.

University of British Columbia

Vancouver, Canada

 

Tiago Bana e Costa, MD

Gastroenterology

Lisbon, Portugal

 

Tiago Fernandes, MD

Anaesthesiologist

Porto, Portugal

 

Tiago Lopes dos Santos, MD

Médico de Família, USF Almonda

Torres Novas, Portugal

 

Tomi Gomory, Ph.D.

Associate Professor, Florida State University

Tallhassee, FL, USA

 

Torill Helene Tveito, DDS, MPH, MSc, PhD

Researcher, Vestfold Hospital Trust, Uni Research Health

Bergen, Norway

 

Tourmen Francoise, MD

gynecologist

Angers, France

 

Tracey Woodruff, PhD, MPH

Professor, UCSF

San Francisco, CA, USA

 

Trudo Lemmens, LicJur, LLM, DCL

Scholl Chair in Health Law and Policy

Toronto, Canada

 

Udo Schuklenk, PhD

Ontario Research Chair in Bioethics and Public Policy

Kingston/Ontario, Canada

 

Val Jackson, Msc

Family Therapist

Leeds, UK

 

Vanden Bussche Pierre, MD

GP

Ghent, Belgium

 

Vandenbroucke Joost

Manager Health&Food department, Belgian Consumer association Test-Aankoop

Brussels, Belgium

 

vasco queiroz, MD

GP

GUARDA, Portugal

 

Vasiliy Vlassov, MD

President, Russian Society for Evidence Based Medicine

Moscow, Russia

 

Victor Han, MD

Director, Children’s Health Research Institute

London, ON, Canada

 

VITOR OLIVEIRA, MD

MED FAMILIA

PORTUGAL, Portugal

 

Vivian A Welch, PhD

Bruyere Research Institute

Ottawa, Canada

 

Wendy Rogers, BM.BS, FRACGP, PhD

Professor of Clinical Ethics, Macquarie University

Sydney, NSW, Australia

 

Wolfgang Wodarg, MD, Ltd.Med.Dir.

Board Member of Transparency International Germany

Berlin, Germany

 

Yan Xu, B.Sc.

Medical Student, Queen’s University

Kingston, Ontario, Canada

 

Yolande Lucire, PhD MB BS DPM FRANZCP

Forensic Psychiatrist

Sydney NSW, Australia

 

yvan serandao rodrigues, MD

Family Physician

FAro, Portugal

 

Zakharova Natalia, Prof

North West Medical Mechnikov’s University

Sankt-Peterburg, Russia

@lowninstitute

Stay Informed

Optional Member Code