Open Letter to the BMJ

June 30th, 2014

The following letter was prepared by a group of physicians, scientists, and others in response to the controversy about two recent articles in The BMJ on the use of statins for primary prevention of heart disease. We believe the calls for The BMJ to retract the papers are unwarranted, and we hope the independent panel appointed to review any retraction decision will allow these papers to remain as part of the ongoing scientific conversation about statins. 

 To add your name in support, please go here.

Here is the letter, signed by nearly 500 people from 30 countries:

“The BMJ stands out among the top medical journals of the world as a beacon in the best tradition of science through its willingness to publish articles and studies that question orthodoxy. Many of these articles question the results of industry-funded research, and while The BMJ publishes its share of industry-funded research, it has also given space and voice to those who question the output of such studies, including those published by The BMJ itself. The journal was among the first to call for open access to clinical trial data, much of which is left unpublished, held secret or misanalysed. The BMJ became one of the first medical journals in history to establish a medical investigative unit geared to understanding when research data represent some of the true and valuable breakthroughs of medicine, and when they are part of the sad history of spin trumping real science.

“This willingness to give voice to careful skeptics, and to insist on data transparency, has triggered the ire of industry and the recipients of its largesse on more than one occasion, leading to accusations and threats against The BMJ. Now, The BMJ is being attacked once again, over a paper involving statins, that should not be retracted as demanded by its critics. The BMJ was correct in publishing the paper, and did what was necessary in correcting an error. We, as doctors, researchers, scientists, patient advocates, journalists and others from around the globe, want to stand with The BMJ in its effort to elevate scientific and honorable dialogue about the issues of the day.”


Here are the signatories of the letter, listed alphabetically:


A/Prof Ian Kerridge, BA, BMed(Hons), MPhil, FRACP, FRCPA

Bioethicist, University of Sydney

Sydney/NSW, Australia


A/Prof Joachim Sturmberg, mbbs phd


Wamberal, Australia


Abby Lippman, PhD

Professor Emerita, McGill University

Montréal. Québec, Canada


Abel Jaime Novoa Jurado, MPH

Emergency Department. General University Hopsital JM Morales Meseguer

Murcia, Spain


Ada GiudiceTompson, BAA, BEd

Patient Advocate

Toronto, Canada


Adriane Fugh-Berman, MD

Georgetown University Medical Center

Washington DC, USA


Aida Farha, Pharmacist

Medical librarian – American University of Beirut

Beirut, Lebanon


Aida Zurdinova, PhD

head of basic and clinical pharmacology department Kyrgyz-Russian Slavic Univercity

Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan


Aisha Ghare,

Queen’s Uniersity

Kingston, Canada


Alain Vadeboncoeur, MD

Emergency Physician

Longueuil, Canada


Alan Cassels, MPA

drug policy researcher

Victoria, BC, Canada


Alessandro Aldo Enrico Garuti, MD

Family Doctor

Castelo de Vide, Portugal


Alex Cressman, MSc

Medical Student, University of Toronto

Toronto, Canada


Alexander Tsai, MD, PhD

Assistant Professor, Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital

Boston, Massachusetts, USA


Alexandra Vieira de Araújo, MD

Medical Oncologist

Porto, Portugal


Alexis Clapin, MD


Paris, France


Ali Khalil, MD

Clinical Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology, American University of Beirut

Beirut, Lebanon


Alice Dreger, PhD

Professor, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University

Chicago, IL, USA


amelia beltramini, bachelor’s degree

managing editor Focus

Milano, Italy


Ana Cristina Santos, MD

General Practitioner

Leiria, Portugal


Ana Luisa Fernandes,

Child Psychiatrist

Lisbon, Portugal


Ana Luisa Vaz Ferreira, Md

General pratice

Coimbra, Portugal


Ana marques, MD

Hospital Nélio Mendonça

funchal, Portugal


Ana Paula Calhau, Assistente grad. senior


MOITA, Portugal


Ana Rita Jesus Maria, MD

family physician

Lisbon, Portugal


Anahit Ayvazyan, MD,Ph.D

Head of Department of Rational Use of  Drugs and  Information Armenian Scientific Centre of  Drug and Medical Technology Expertise

Yerevan, Armenia


André Côté, Ph.D.

Université Laval

Québec, Qc., Canada


André Filipe dos Santos Reis, md


Bragança, Portugal


André José Sousa Tomé, MD

Family Doctor

Lisboa, Portugal


André Nóbrega, MD

Family Doctor

Maia, Portugal


Andrea M. Baldomir,


Buenos Aires, Argentina


Andrés Stuardo, MD


Santiago de Chile, Chile


Andrew D Oxman, MD, MSc

Senior researcher, Norwegian Knowledge Centre for the Health Services

Oslo, Norway


Andrew Herxheimer, FRCP

emeritus fellow, UK Cochrane Centre

London, UK



clinical pharmacologist

Smolensk, Russia


Andy Lee Roth, PhD


Claremont, CA, USA


Angela Fernanda Santos Neves, MD

USF Araceti

Coimbra, Portugal


angelo abel, MD, MSc

Family Medicine physician

Lisbon, Portugal


Anja Braend, MD

Ph.D.-candidate, University of Oslo

Oslo, Norway


Anna Barabashkina, MPH

clinical pharmacologist

Vladimir Regional Hospital, Russia


Anne Holbrook, MD,PharmD,MSc,

McMaster University

Hamilton, ON, Canada


Anne Vergison, MD, PhD

Medical direction, Union Nationale des Mutualités Socialistes

Brussels, Belgium


Annette Leibing, PhD

Full professor, University of Montreal

Montreal, Canada


António Macedo Mota, MD

Family Practioner

Leiria, Portugal


António Miguel Vieira, MD


Lisboa, Portugal


Arild Bjorndal, MD PhD

Professor og Public Healh, Director of Child Mental Health

Oslo, Norway


Armando Brito de Sá, MD, PhD

Famaly doctor, Professor of General Practice, Lisbon Medical School

Lisboa, Portugal


Aron Sousa, MD

Senior Associate Dean, Academic Affairs, Michigan State University, College of Human Medicine

East Lansing, Michigan, USA


Arthur Reingold, MD

Professor, University of California, Berkeley

Berkeley, Ca, USA



Associate Professor, AUB

BEIRUT, Lebanon


Astrid Kause, MSc.

Harding Center for Risk Literacy, Max Planck Institute for Human Development

Berlin, Germany


Atle Klovning, MD, PhD

Associate professor/GP

Oslo, Norway


Avelino Bastos, Consultor


Celorico de Basto, Portugal


Aziz ur Rehman, PhD

Assistant Professor

Islamabad, Pakistan


Baktygul Kambaralieva, MD MPH

Clinical pharmacologist

Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan


Barbara H. Roberts, MD

Associate Clinical Professor of Medicine, Alpert Medical School of Brown University

Providence, RI, USA


Barbara Mintzes, PhD

Assistant Professor, School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia

Vancouver, B.C., Canada


Bernard Dugré, MD


Sherbrooke, Québec, Canada


Bernardo Gomes, MD

Public Health Doctor

Feira, Portugal


Bjørn timmy Tollånes, MoM, MoPA

Senior adviser, Norwegian Knowledge Centre for the Health Services

Oslo, Norway


Blanca Penaloza, MD, M Sc

Family Physician

Santiago, Chile


Bonnie Spanier, Ph.D., Microbiology & Molec Gen

Retired Professor

Traverse City, MI, USA


Bontle Mbongwe, PhD

Interim Executive Director. Anti Tobacco Network (Botswana)

Gaborone, Botswana




Saintes, FRANCE


BOYER denis,




Braillon, MD PhD

Northern hospital

Amiens, France


Braillon, MD PhD

Senior Consultant

Amiens, France


Brian (AntiDepAware),


England, UK


Bruno Miguel Cêrca, MD

Doctor, GP, National Health Sistem

Vila Real, Portugal


Canila neves, Md

Uls matosinhos

Porto, Portugal


Carl Llor, MD

Cardiff University

Cardiff, UK


Carla Patrícia Guerreiro Gouveia, MD

GP at Centro Saúde de Loures

Lisbon, Portugal


Carlos Rodrigues Alexandre, MD

Family doctor

Santarem, Portugal


Carol P. Herbert, MD

Western University

London, Ontario, Canada


Carolyn Canfield, citizen=patient

citizen-patient and honorary lecturer, UBC

Vancouver, BC, Canada


Catharina Mathei, MD, PhD


Leuven, Belgium


Cecilia Shinn, MD

Family Doctor, ACES Lisboa Ocidental e Oeiras

Oeiras, Portugal


Charles Sigler, DPhil




Christian Fau, MD, MSc


Santiago, Chile


Ciprian Jauca

Managing Editor, Cochrane Hypertension Group, University of British Columbia

Vancouver, BC, Canada


Cláudia Antão, MD

Family Physician

Lisbon, Portugal






Colin Rose, MD, PhD

McGill University

Montreal, QC, Canada


Colleen Fuller

Chair, PharmaWatch Canada

Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada


Conceição Outeirinho, MD

Family Medicine

Porto, Portugal


Cornelia J. Baines, MD, MSc, FACE

Professor Emerita, Dalla Lana School Of Public Health, University of Toronto, Canada

Toronto, Ontario, Canada


Cristiana Teixeira da Silva, MD

Phamily Phisician

Porto, Portugal


Dale E. Hammerschmidt, MD, FACP

Prof. emeritus, Univ. Minn.; Editor emeritus, J.Lab.Clin.Med.

Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA


Daniel M Fatovich, MBBS FACEM PhD

Professor of Emergency Medicine, University of Western Australia

Perth, WA, Australia


David B. Spring, MD

radiologist (retired)

San Francisco, CA, USA


David Bergin


Ottawa/Ontario, Canada


David Carmichael, MA

York University

Toronto, Canada


David Cohen, PhD

Professor, UCLA

Los Angeles, California, USA


David H Newman, MD

Director of Clinical Research, Dept of EM, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

New York, New York, USA


David Healy, MD

Professor of Psychiatry

Bangor, Wales


David Juurlink, MD, PhD, FRCPC, FAACT, FACMT

Professor of Medicine, Pediatrics and Health Policy, University of Toronto

Toronto, Canada


David L. Brown, MD

Professor of Medicine Washington University School of Medicine

St. Louis, MO, USA


David L. Hahn, MD, MS

Family Physician and Researcher

Madison. Wisconsin, USA



Director of Emergency and General Medicine Research, Austin Health

Melbourne, Victoria, Australia


David Moher, PhD

Senior Scientist, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute

Ottawa/Ontario, Canada


David Rodrigues, MD

Assistant GP – UCSP Torres Vedras

Torres Vedras, Portugal


David U. Himmelstein, M.D.

Professor, City University of New York School of Public Health

New Yor, NY, USA


De Jonghe, MD

general practionner – UCL – Minerva

Brussels, Belgium


De Lepeleire Jan, Md, PhD

Unviersity Leuven

Leuven, Belgium


De Sutter An, MD, PhD

Associate Professor, Department of Family Medicine and Primary Health Care, Ghent University

Ghent, Belgium



David Braley Nancy Gordon Chair in Family Medicine, McMaster University

Ontario, Canada


Dilyara Nurkhametova, MD

Kazan State Medical University

Kazan, Russia


Dmitry Sychev, MD, PhD, Professor

clinical pharmacologist

Moscow, Russia


Donald W. Light, PhD

Network Fellow, Edmond J Safra Center for Ethics, Harvard University

Cambridge, USA


Dorie Apollonio, PhD MPP

Associate Professor, UCSF

San Francisco, CA, USA


Dr Aubrey Blumsohn, MBBCh PhD FRCPath


Sheffield, UK


Dr Fred Kavalier

General Practitioner

London, UK


Dr Luigi Palombi, LLB, BEc, PhD


Sydney, Australia


Dr Nanette Okun, MD, MHSc

Obstetrician, Universitt of Toronto

Tironto, Canada


Dr Nick Francis, PhD, MD, PGD (Epidemiology), BA

Senior Clinical Research Fellow, Cardiff University

Cardiff, UK


Dr Peter Duncan, PhD

Public Health Academic

London, UK


Dr Stephen Macdonald, MBChB MRCP FACEM

Associate Professor in Emergency Medicine, University of Western Australia

Perth, Australia


Dr. Bonnie Burstow, PhD.

Faculty member, Univeristy of Toronto

Toronto, Canada


Dr. Brenda A. LeFrancois, PhD

Associate Professor, School of Social Work, cross-appointed to the Faculty of Medicine, Memorial University of Newfoundland

St. John’s, Canada


Dr. Kira Frketich, BA, ND

Naturopathic doctor

Port Moody/BC, Canada


Dr. Neeru Goel, MD

Obst & Gyn,

Lucknow, India


Dr. Odette Wegwarth, PhD

Senior Reseracher, harding center for Risk Literacy, Berlin

Berlin, Germnay


DVMcQueen, Sc.D.


Atlanta, GA, USA


Edgar Ferreira, MD

Family Physician

Seixal, Portugal


Eduardo J. Simoes, MD, MSc, MPH

Professor University of Missouri School of Medicine

Columbia/MO, USA


Edwin Gale, MD

Emeritus Professor of Diabetes, Bristol University

Bristol, UK


Eivind Meland, MD, PhD

University of Bergen

Bergen, Norway


Eleanor Ranald, HBA, MSW, MPH

Social Worker, Clinical Psychologist, Researcher

London, UK


Elia Abi-Jaoude, MSc, MD, FRCPC

Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto

Toronto/Ontario, Canada


Elie Akl, MD, MPH, PhD

Associate Professor of Medicine, American University of Beirut

Beirut, Lebanon


Elizabeth A Boyd, PhD


Claremont, CA, USA


Elizabeth Reis, Ph.D.

Professor, University of Oregon

Eugene, USA


Elizabeth Saenger, PhD


New York, NY, USA


Ellen Reynolds, MPA Candidate

University of Victoria

Victoria, BC, Canada


Ellina Mukhametshina


Kazan, Russia


Else-Marie Buch Leander, MA

Ph.d.-candidate, University of Aarhus

Aarhus, Denmark


Enrique Falceto de Barros, MD

Professor at Universidade de Caxias do Sul

Santa Maria do Herval, Brasil


Enrique Gavilán, MD

Family Physician

Spain, Spain


Eric Breton, PhD

Chair in health promotion, Ecole des hautes études en santé publique (EHESP)

Rennes, France


Esteve Fernandez, MD, MPH, PhD

Associate Professor, Catalan Institute of Oncology / University of Barcelona

L’Hospitalet (Barcelona), Catalonia


Fernand Turcotte, MD,MPH,FRCPC.

Prof Emeritus, Université Laval

Quebec, Canada


Fernando Garcia

General Practitioner  / Centro de Saúde de Mirandela -I

Mirandela, Portugal


Fernando Salgado Blanco, MD

Xiyun Centre of Chinese Medicine

Santiago, Spain


Folke Sundelin, MD

Assistant Medical Director

Oslo, Norway


François PESTY


Fontenay-le-Fleury, France


Francoise Baylis, PhD

Professor and Canada Research Chair in Bioethics and Philosophy

Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada


Frank Wells, FRCP, FRCPE, FFPM

Retired pharmaceutical physician

Ipswich/Suffolk, UK


Freddy Falez, MD, PhD

Collège d’enseignement en évaluation du dommage corporel, Université Libre de Bruxelles

Bruxelles, Belgium


Frederick Spencer, MD


Hamilton, Canada


Gabriel Cea, MD

Associated Profesor of Neurology

Santiago, Chile


Gabriel Rada, MD

President, Epistemonikos Foundation

santiago, Chile


Gabriela Poças, MD

Family physician

Vila do Conde, Portugal






Gayle Sulik, MA, PhD

Research Associate, University at Albany

Albany, NY, USA


Geert W. ‘t Jong, MD, PhD

Clinician Scientist in Pediatrics

Winnipeg, Canada


Geoffrey K Isbister, BSc MBBS MD

Clinical Toxicologist

Newcastle, Australia


George lundberg, md scd

medical editor

San Francisco  CA, USA


Georges Levesque, MD, FRCP (C)

Emergency medicine specialist

Montreal, Canada


Geraldine Macdonald

Professor of Social Work

Belfast, UK


Gerd Gigerenzer, PhD

Director, Max Planck Institute for Human Development

Berlin, Germany


Giles Greene, PhD

Reseach Associate

Cardiff, Cardiff


Glenn Arendts, MBBS MMed

Emergency Physician

WA, Australia


Goethals, MD


Brussels, Belgium


Gordon Guyatt, MD, MSc

Distinguished Professor, McMaster University

Hamilton, Ontario, Canada


Graeme Hankey, MD, FRACP, FRCP


Perth, Australia


Gretchen LeFever Watson, PhD

Clinical Psychologist

Norfolk, VA, USA




LIEGE, Belgium


Gubaeva Diliara, MD

student Kazan State Medical University

Kazan/Tatarstan, Russia


Guri Rortveit, MD PhD

Uni Research Health and University of Bergen

Bergen, Norway


H. Gilbert Welch, MD, MPH

Professor of Medicine

Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy & Clinical Practice, USA


Hanna Blackledge, MD, MPH, PhD

Public Health Specialist

Coalville, UK


HARRIAGUE Jean-Baptiste, MD

general practitioner

Cadillac, France


Helena Ferreira, MD

General and family medicine

Barcelos, Portugal


Helena Oliveira, MD


Cascais, Portugal



General Practitionner

Roubaix, FRANCE


Henry Greenspan, Ph.D.

University of Michigan

Ann Arbor, MI, USA


Herminia Isabel Ferreira Teixeira, MD

Centro de Saúde da Senhora da Hora

Matosinhos, Portugal


Holgeir Skjeie, MD

Reseacher, Department of General Pracice, University of Oslo, Norway

Kristiansand, Norway


Howard Barkan, MA, DrPH

Lead Consulting Statistician, School of Public Health, University of California Berkeley;Adjunct Professor, Saybrook University

Berkeley, CA, USA


Howard Brody, MD, PhD

University of Texas Medical Branch

Galveston, TX, USA


Hugo, MD


Lisbon, Portugal






Iain Chalmers, DSc

Coordinator, James Lind Initiative

Oxford, UK


Ian Colman, PhD

Associate Professor, University of Ottawa

Ottawa, Ontario, Canada


Ines Lein, Dr. rer. nat.

Harding Center for Risk Literacy

Berlin, Germany


Irving Kirsch, PhD

Harvard Medical School

Boston, USA


isabel  alvim, MD

aces porto ocidental

Porto, Portugal


isabel santos, MD, PhD

Family Doctor

lisboa, Portugal


Ivan Paravisini, MPH


Caracas, Venezuela


J A Golembiewski, PhD

Researcher, University of Sydney

Sydney, NSW, Australia


Jacques Falquet, PhD

Dr (University of Geneva, Switzerland)

Geneva, Switzerland


Jaime Brito da Torre, MD


Barreiro, Portugal


James Brophy, MD, PhD


Montreal QC, Canada


James Li, MD

Miles Memorial Hospital

Damariscotta, ME, USA


Jamie Lindemann Nelson, Ph.D.

Professor of Philosophy, Michigan State Univeristy

East Lansing, MI, USA


Jane M. Orient, MD


Tucson, Arizona, USA






Janet L. Dolgin, JD, PhD

Professor Hofstra University

Hempstead, NY, USA


Janet Martin, PharmD

Assistant Professor, Dept of Anesthesia, Western University

Ontario, Canada


Janice Hopkins Tanne, BA

Medical Journalist

New York, NY, USA


Jason W. Busse, DC, PhD

Assistant Professor, McMaster University

Hamilton, Canada


Javier Garjón, PharmD

Health-System Pharmacist. Servicio Navarro de Salud-Osasunbidea

Navarra, Spain


Jay Siwek, MD

Professor of Family Medicine, Georgetown University Medical Center

Washington, DC, USA



ARÉSIP, Prescrire

Toulouse, France


Jean Levasseur, MD, MSc


Joliette, Canada


Jean-Blaise Wasserfallen, MD MPP

University Hospital of Lausanne (CHUV)

Lausanne, Switzerland


Jean-Claude Salomon, MD


Paris, France


Jean-Claude St-Onge, PhD


Montreal, Canada


Jean-Pierre AUBERT, MD

Pr of Gal Practice, University Paris Diderot, France

PARIS, France


Jean-Pierre Pellerin, PhD

Centre Hospitalier de Verdun

Verdun, Montréal, Canada


Jeanne Lenzer

freelance medical investigative journalist

Kingston, NY, USA


Jeffrey Hall, JD

Research Policy Director, University of California Office of the President

Oakland, CA, USA


Jeffrey M. Blum, J.D., Ph.D.

Attorney, formerly professor of constitutional law and civil procedure

Louisville, Kentucky, USA


Jeffrey R. Lacasse, Ph.D.

Assistant Professor, Florida State University

Tallahassee, FL, USA


Jennifer O’Loughlin, PhD

Professor, University of Montreal

Montreal, Canada


Jennifer Popay

Professor Sociology and PUblic Health, Lancaster University

Lancaster, UK


Jerome P. Kassirer, MD

Tufts University School of Medicine

Boston, MA, USA


Jerome R Hoffman, MA MD

Professor Emeritus, UCLA



jesse m polansky, md,mph

public health physician

baltimore, MD, USA


Joana Melo Cabrita, MD

Family Physician

Matosinhos, Portugal


João Júlio Cerqueira, MD

Family Doctor

Porto, Portugal


João Manuel Martins Alves da Silva, MD

Family Doctor

Entroncamento, Portugal


Jocelyn Downie, SJD

Professor, Dalhousie University

Halifax, Canada


Jochen WL Cals, MD PhD

GP and assistant professor

Maastricht, The Netherlands


Joe Lex, MD

Emergency Medicine

Philadelphia, PA, USA


Joel Lexchin, MD

School of Health Policy & Management, York University

Toronto, Canada


joel oosterlinck, MD

GP private practice

la saline, France


Johann Agust Sigurdsson, MD., Dr.Med.

Professor, General Practice, University of Trondheim,

Trondheim, Norway


Johanna Ryan


Berwyn, USA


Johanna Trimble,

Citizen Advocate, Patient/Family Representative

Vancouver, BC, Canada


John H Noble Jr, PhD

Emeritus Professor, SUNY/Buffalo

Georgetown, Texas, USA



Emeritus professor, University of Ottawa

Ottawa, Ontario, Canada


John M. Nardo, MD

Psychiatrist, Blogger @

Georgia, USA


John P.A. Ioannidis, MD, DSc

Professor, Stanford University

Stanford, CA, USA


John R Bola, PhD

Associate Professor, CityU Hong Kong

Kowloon Tong, Hong Kong


John R. Bend, PhD

Research Professor

London, Ontario, Canada


Jon F. Merz, MBA, JD, PhD

Associate Professor, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Philadelphia, PA, USA


Jonathan Leo, Ph.D.


Harrogate TN, USA


Jordi Pardo Pardo,

Managing Editor

Ottawa, Canada


Jorge Silva, MD

General Practitioner

Porto, Portugal


Jorge Van Krieken


Marvão, Portugal


Jørgen G. Bramness, MD, PhD

Professor, Norwegian Centre for Addiction Research

Oslo, Norway


Jørgen Lous, MD, DrMedSci,


Odense, Denmark


Jørund Straand, ph.d

Professor, University of Oslo

Oslo, Norway


Jose Antonio Miranda, MD


Lisboa, Portugal


Jose Augusto Simoes, MD, PhD

Family physician, ACeS BM

Coimbra, Portugal


Jose Carvalho Santos, MD

Family Doctor

Ponta Delgada, Portugal


Jose Castro, MD


Viseu, Portugal


jose garcia garcia, MD

MFG centro saude lagos

lagos, Portugal


jose luis clemente, MD


mirandela, Portugal


José Manuel Mendes Nunes, MD, MSc, PhD

Family Medicine

Lisbon, Portugal


José Manuel Silva, PhD

University Hospital of Coimbra

Coimbra, Portugal


Jose Ponte, MD, DIC, PhD, FRCA

Emeritus Professor, University of Algarve

Faro, Portugal


Jose Rodriguez Silva, general practitionner

general practitionner

Portalegre, Portugal


Joseph Amuah, BSc, MSc, PhD

Adjunct Professor, Faculty of medicine, University of Ottawa

Ottwas, Canada


Joseph S. Ross, MD, MHS

Assistant Professor, Yale University School of Medicine

New Haven, CT, USA


Joshua Earnest, MS

Adjunct Professor, Georgetown Univeristy

Fredericksburg/VA, USA


Joyce, MSW

Deputy Director, Breast Cancer Action

San Francisco, CA, USA


Juan Erviti, PhD

Navarre Health Service

Pamplona, Spain


Judith P. Swazey, PhD

Professional ethics

Bar Harbor ME, USA


Kamal F Badr, MD

Professor of Nephrology, American University of Beirut

Beirut, Lebanon


Kameshwar Prasad, MD, DM, MMSc

All India Institute of Medical Sciences

New Delhi, India


Kary Mullis

Nobel laureate



Ken Brummel-Smith, MD, MD

Chair, Department of Geriatrics, Florida State University College of Medicine

Tallahassee/FL, USA


Kenneth C Johnson, PhD

Epidemiologist, Adjunct Professor, University of Ottawa

Ottawa, Ontario, Canada


Kenneth W Lin, MD, MPH

Georgetown University

Washington, DC, USA


Kerenza Hood, PhD

Professor, Cardiff University

Cardiff, Wales


Kim Van Dyke

loving family caregiver



Kim Witczak

Co-organizer, Selling Sickness

Minneapolis, MN, USA


Kirpichnikova natalia


Chabarovsk, Rossia


Kirsten Green, B Sci, MPH

Primary Health Care Org

Shepparton, Australia


Kirsten Patrick, MBBCh, DA

Deputy Editor, CMAJ

Ottawa, Canada


Kissar Lidia

regional clinical hospital

Kaliningrad, Russia


Klaus D Pluemer, Socio Economist

ETC Coordinator

Düsseldorf, Germany


Kristine Marshall

Mental health nursing student

Brighton, Uk


Lama Charafeddine, MD


Beirut, Lebanon



médecine générale

Montauban, France


Larissa Shamser, PhD candidate

Ottawa Hospital Research Institute

Ottawa/Ontario, Canada


Laurence Monnais, Ph D.

Professor of history, medical historian

Montreal, Qc, Canada


Laurie M Anderson, PhD


Olympia, WA, USA




LYON, France


Lejla Halilovic, BSc, OCGC (Pharm. Reg. Affairs)

Research Assistant | Policy Analyst

Toronto, Canada


Leonor Mota, MD


Lisbon, Portugal


Lewis Leavitt, MD


Madison, WI, USA


Li Bei, MD


Porto, Portugal


Liliya Eugenevna Ziganshina, MD, PhD, DSci

Professor, Head of Pharmacology Department, Kazan Federal University

Kazan, Russia


Linda Furlini, PhD


Montreal, Canada


Linda Wüsthoff, MD


Oslo, Norway


Lisa Bero, PhD

Professor, University of California San Francisco

San Francisco, USA


Liya Litvinova, MD

Clinical pharmacologist

Astana, Kazakhstan


Louise Blixham, BSc Hons

Nutrition Researcher

Somerset, UK


Louise POtvin, PhD

Professor, Université de Montréal

Montréal, Canada


Lucian L. Leape, MD

Harvard School of Public Health

Boston, MA, USA


Lucie Rychetnik, MPH PhD

Associate Professor, School of Medicine, University of Notre Dame Australia

Sydney, Australia


Lucio Libanio, MD

Family Medicine

Santarem, Portugal


Luis Acuña SM, MD

Médico, Hospital del Trabajador

Santiago, Chile


Luis Andrés Gimeno Feliu, MD, PHD

General Practitioner

Zaragoza, Spain


Luis Carlos Saiz, PhD

Pharmacotherapy Research Coordinator, Navarre Health Service

Pamplona, Spain


Luís Filipe Gomes, MD

Family Doctor

Portimão, Portugal


Madeline Boscoe, R.N., D.U.


Vancouver, Canada


Malwina Holownia, MPharm

Director of Economics Russian Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research

Moscow, Russia


Manon Niquette, Ph. D.

Professor, Dep. Information and Communication, Laval University

Quebec City, Quebec, Canada


Manuela Carvalho, MD

General Practitioner

Lisboa, Portugal


Manuela Cruz, MD

General Practitioner

Lisbon, Portugal


Marc De Meyere, MD,MPH

Professor (retired)Depertment of geneal Practice and primary care University ghent Belgium

Ghent, Belgium


Marc Jamoulle, MD

Family doctor,

Gilly, Belgium


Marc-Andre Gagnon, PhD

Assistant Professor, Carleton University

Ottawa/Ontario, Canada


Marcelo Pellizzaro Dias Afonso,

Family Physician

Brasília, Brazil


Marcia Sardy Schofield, MA MB BChir MSc

Physician and Hon Senior Lecturer

Newmarket, UK


Maria Balsinha, MD

USF Marginal

Lisbon, Portugal






Maria do Carmo Cardoso brutt  Pacheco, assistente clínica geral

ARS Lisboa

Lisboa, Portugal


Maria José Carvalho, Md


Lisboa, Portugal


maria lurdes peres lopes

family doctor, ULSAM

braga, Portugal


Marie-France Raynault, MD, MSc, FRCP(c), FCAHS

Full professor, University of Montreal

Montreal, QC, Canada


Marieke Lemiengre, MD

General Practitioner, Ghent University

Astene, Belgium


Mário Machado Cruz, MD


Cascais, Portugal


Marisa Emília Prada Belchior, MD

Médica de Familia

São Romão do Coronado, Portugal


Marjukka Mäkelä, MD, PhD, M.Sc.

Professor, National Institute of Health and Welfare

Helsinki, Finlland


Mark H Wilson, PHD

Health Research Associates

Guelph, Canada


Mark Loeb, MD, MSc

Infectious Diseases Physician

Hamilton, Ontario, Canada


marlene calisto, MD

family physician

Lisbon, Portugal


Marta Amorim Vasconcelos Cardoso Alves, MD

Internal Medicine

Porto, Portugal


Martine Van Hecke, MD


Brussels, Belgium


Marwa Soubra, MPH

Research Assistant, American University of Beirut Medical Center

Beirut, Lebanon


Maryann Napoli,

Associate Director, Center for Medical Consumers

New York, New York, USA


Maryanne Demasi, PhD

Journalist, ABC TV Australia

Sydney, Australia


Matthew Stanbrook, MD PhD

Deputy Editor, CMAJ; Associate Professor of Medicine, University of Toronto

Toronto, Canada


matthieu YVER, MD

pathology department head, Public Hospital

Marne la vallée, France


Matthys Jan, MD

GP University Gent

Gent, Belgium


Maureen Meade, MD

Intensive care physician

Hamilton/Ontario, Canada


Maurice B Mittelmark, B.S., M.A., PhD. FACE

Professor, University of Bergen

Bergen, Norway


Maurice Vanbellinghen, M.A.

Project Officer Health – Belgian Consumers’ Association Test-Achats/Test-Aankoop

Brussels, Belgium


Mayer Brezis, MD MPH

Professor of Medicine, Hadassah Hebrew University Medical Center

Jerusalem, Israel


Meetali Kakad, MB CHB, MPH

Public Health Physician/Health administrator

Oslo, Norway


Meic Goodyear, BSc DMPH

Retired Public Health Specialist

Lewes, UK


Melissa Raven, PhD, MMedSci(ClinEpid)

Research Fellow, Flinders University

South Australia, Australia


Meryl Nass, MD


Ellsworth, Maine, USA


Mette Brekke, MD

Professor, University of Oslo

Oslo, Norway


Michael A. Carome, MD

Director, Public Citizen’s Health Research Group

Washington/DC, USA


Michael de Vibe, MD


Oslo, Norway


Michel Labrecque, MD, PhD

Profesor, Université Laval

Québec, Canada


Michel O’Neill, PhD

Professor Emeritus, École des Sciences Infirmières, Université Laval

Québec, QC, Canada


Mick Bramham

Existential Psychotherapist

Weymouth, UK


Miguel Ângelo Martins da Cunha, MD

General Practicioner resident

Porto, Portugal


Miguel Lopes Louro, MD

Family Medicine

Caldas da Rainha, Portugal


Miguel Melo, MD

General Practioner

Oporto, Portugal


Mikael Rabaeus, MD

Cardiologist Clinique La Prairie

Montreux, Switzerland


Mikhail Mavlikeev, MD


kazan, russia



Professor, University of Washington

Seattle, USA



Associate Investigator, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute

Ottawa/ON, Canada


Mona Nabulsi, MD, MS

Professor of Clinical Pediatrics, American University of Beirut

Beirut, Lebanon


Mónica Granja, MD

family physician, Matosinhos Local Health Unit

Porto, Portugal


Monica Taljaard, PhD

Biostatistician, Scientist, Assistant Professor

Ottawa, Canada


Morten Lindbæk, MD, PhD


Oslo, Norway


nadia ismail, MSc

clinical pharmacy Specialist

alkhobar, Saudi Arabia


Nancy Olivieri, MD, FRCPC


Toronto, Canada


Nathalie Péronnet Salaün, MD

general practitioner

Méry Sur Oise, France


Neil Arya, BASc MD CCFP FCFP D. Litt.

Assistant Clinical Professor Family Medicine (part-time) McMaster University; Adjunct Professor Family Medicine Western University; Adjunct Professor Environment and Resource Studies University of Waterloo

Waterloo, Ontario, Canada


Neville David Yeomans, MB BS, MD, DSc (h.c.)

University of Melbourne

Melbourne, Victoria, Australia


Nicholas Moore, MD, PhD, FRCP (Edin)

Professor, University of Bordeaux

Bordeaux, France


nico naumann, MD


rome, italy


Nicole Meier, ND

Cornerstone Health

Georgetown, Ontario, Canada


NICOT Philippe, MD




Nino Künzli, MD, PhD


Basel, Switzerland


Nuno Gonçalo Calvão Pinto, MD

Family Medicine

Maia, Portugal


Nuno Rodrigues, MD

USF Tempo de Cuidar

Porto, Portugal


Olga, MPH

Regional Hospital, clinical pharmacologist

Chelyabinsk, Russia


Pablo Alonso, MD, PhD


Barcelona, Spain


Parikshit Tank, MD


Mumbai, India


Parve Swapnil, MD

Senior Resident, Kazan state medical university

Kazan, Russia


PASCA Elena,

philosopher, blogger (Pharmacritique blog)

Paris, France


Patrik Vankrunkelsven, MD

Docent KULeuven

Leuven, Belgium


Paul Crossette, MD


Orlando, Florida, USA


Paul Garner, MB BS MD

Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine

Liverpool, UK


Paul Ou, MD

Emergency physician

Corpus Christi /Texas, USA


Paul Scheffer, PhD Student


Paris, France


Paulo Jorge, MD


Lisboa, Portugal


Pedro Azevedo, MD

Family Doctor

Porto, Portugal


Per Hjortdahl, MD, PhD

Professor, Faculty of medicine, University of Oslo

Oslo, Norway


Per Olav Vandvik, MD, Ph.D

Ass.professor, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo

OSLO, Norway


Peter C Gøtzsche, DrMedSci, MSc

Professor and Director, Nordic Cochrane Centre

Copenhagen, Denmark


Peter Heywood, MCC, MNS, PhD

Menzies Centre for Health Policy, University of Sydney

NSW, Australia


Phil  Brewer, MD

Quinnipiac and Yale Universities

Connecticut, USA


Philippa Moore, MBBSc MRCGP

Family Doctor

Santiago, Chile


Philippe FOUCRAS, MD

GP, founder of Formindep

Paris, France


Pia Touboul Lundgren, MD

Department of Public Health Nice University Hospital

Nice, France


Pierre Biron, MD MS

Honorary professor, clinical pharmacologist, Faculty of Medicine, Université de Montréal

Montreal, Quebec, Canada


Pommier Jeanine, MD, MPH, PhD

public health specialist

Rennes, France


Prasanna Sritharan

Biomechanical Engineer

Glen Waverley, Victoria, Australia


Preben Aavitsland, MD


Kristiansand, Norway


Prof Dave Holmes, PhD

University of Ottawa

Ottaw, Ontario, Canada


Prof David R Katz, MB PhD FRCPath


London, UK


Prof Frank Buntinx, MD, PhD

Professor at thedepartment ofGeneral Practiece, Catholic University Leuven & Maastricht University

Leuven, Belgium


Prof Peter King, Ph D

University of Sydney

nsw, Australia


Prof Simon Chapman, AO PhD FASSA

Professor of Public Health

University of Sydney, Australia


Prof. E. Sanz, MD,PhD

Dean. Medical School. University of La Laguna

La Laguna. Tenerife, Spain


Professor Hans Onya, MPH, PhD

Health Promotion Specialist

Polokwane, South Africa


Professor John Read, PhD

University of Liverpool

Liverpool, UK


Professor Richard Parish, CBE, DSc (hc), HonFRPharmS, HonFRSPH

Public Health

Bedfordshire, UK


Professor Simon G. A. Brown, MBBS PhD FACEM

University of Western Australia

Western Australia, Australia


Professor Thomas Faunce, BMed, BA/LLB(hons) PhD

Professor Bioethics, Health Law and Human Rights Australian National University

Canberra/ACT, Australia


Rafael Garcia Eymael, MD

Family Physician (GP)

Florianopolis / Santa Catarina, Brasil


Rakesh Biswas, MD

Professor of Medicine

Bhopal, India


Ravil Niyazov


Moscow, Russia


Raymond H. Curry, MD

Professor of Medicine and Medical Education, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine

Chicago, Illinois, USA


Rémy Boussageon, MB, PhD

General practionner

Poitiers, France


René Lavigueur, MD

General Practice

Sainte-Anne des Monts, Canada


Ricardo Félix Morais, MD


Coimbra, Portugal


Ricardo Reis, MD

Respiratory physician, Centro Hospitalar de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro

Vila Real, Portugal


Richard A. Deyo, MD, MPH

Professor, Oregon Health & Science University

Portland, Oregon, USA


Richard Millwood, BSc

Trinity College Dublin

Dublin, Ireland


Richard Roberts, MD, JD

Family Physician

Belleville, WI, USA


Richard Rowland, BSc

Teacher Flourishing Together CIO

Melksham, UK


Rizerio Salgado

Family Doctor

Lisbon, Portugal


Rob Wipond


Victoria, BC, Canada


Robert Béliveau, Md

Institut de Cardiologie de Montréal

Montreal, QC, Canada


Robert Perreault, MD, FRCPC

McGill University

Montreal, Canada


Ronice Maria Pereira Franco de Sá, MD, MSc, PhD

UFPE- Brazil

Recife- Pernambuco, Brazil


Rory E. Kraft, Jr., Ph.D.

Assistant Professor of Philosophy, York College of Pennsylvania

York, PA, USA


Roy M Poses, MD

Foundation for Integrity and Responsibility in Medicine

Warren, RI, USA


Rui Correia de Sá, MD

Family Doctor

Porto, Portugal


Rui Pedro de Oliveira Eusébio, MD

Family Physician

Guimarães, Portugal


Ruth E. Malone, RN, MS, PhD, FAAN

Professor, Chair, and Mary Harms/Nursing Alumni Endowed Chair of Nursing and Health Policy, University of California, San Francisco

San Francisco, CA, USA


Ruth Macklin, PhD

Professor of Bioethics, Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Bronx, New York, USA


S. Randolph Kretchmar, J.D.


Wilmette, IL, USA


Samuel Coenen, MD, PhD

Associate professor at the University of Antwerp

Antwerp, Belgium


Sara Silveira Andre, MD

Family Physician

Palmela, Portugal


Sergey Sidorenko, MD

Head of the department of Moecular microbiology

Saint Petersburg, Russia


Shannon Brownlee, MS

Senior Vice President, Lown Institute

Boston, MA, USA


Siary Alain, Docteur

family practioner

Savigny Le Temple, France


Sidney Wolfe, MD

Founder, Public Citizen Health Research Group

Washington, DC, USA


Signe Flottorp, MD, PhD

Norwegian Knowledge Centre for the Health Services

Oslo, Norway


Sigurd Høye, MD, PhD

Researcher, University of Oslo

Oslo, Norway


Silvio Garattini, Professor

Director, IRCCS Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri

Milan, Italy


Soledad Márquez-Calderón, MD, MPH, Ph

Public Health Officer

Sevilla, Spain


Somaiah Ahmed, MPH

Clinical Research Coordinator, Children’s National Medical Center

Washington, DC, USA


Steffie Woolhandler, M.D., M.P.H.

Professor, City University  of New York School of Public Health

New York, NY, USA


Steinar Hunskaar, MD, PhD

University of Bergen

Bergen, Norway


Steinar Westin, MD, PhD


Trondheim, Norway


Stephanie Southard, PharmD

University of Maryland

Rockville/MD, USA


susan bewley, md frcog ma

kings college london

london, UK


Susan Levenstein, MD


Rome, Italy


Svein Gjelstad, MD, PhD

Researcher, University of Oslo

Oslo, Norway


Swapnil Hiremath, MD, MPH


Ottawa, Ontario, Canada


Sylvia Conceição, MD

Family Physician

Faro, Portugal


Ted Schrecker

Professor of Global Health Policy, Durham University

Stockton-on-Tees, UK


Teresa Libório, MD

Family doctor

Oeiras, Portugal


Thea Cacchioni, PhD

Professor, University of Victoria

Victoria, BC, Canada


Thomas Agoritsas, MD

Physician, McMaster University

Hamilton/Ontario, Canada


Thomas B. Newman, MD, MPH

Professor of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, UCSF

San Francisco, CA, USA


Thomas C. Südhof


Menlo Park, CA, USA


Thomas Kristian Tollefsen, Cand. Psychol.


Oslo, Norway


Thomas Kuehlein, PhD

Prof. Dr. med.

Erlangen, Germany


Thomas L. Perry, M.D., C.M.

University of British Columbia

Vancouver, Canada


Tiago Bana e Costa, MD


Lisbon, Portugal


Tiago Fernandes, MD


Porto, Portugal


Tiago Lopes dos Santos, MD

Médico de Família, USF Almonda

Torres Novas, Portugal


Tomi Gomory, Ph.D.

Associate Professor, Florida State University

Tallhassee, FL, USA


Torill Helene Tveito, DDS, MPH, MSc, PhD

Researcher, Vestfold Hospital Trust, Uni Research Health

Bergen, Norway


Tourmen Francoise, MD


Angers, France


Tracey Woodruff, PhD, MPH

Professor, UCSF

San Francisco, CA, USA


Trudo Lemmens, LicJur, LLM, DCL

Scholl Chair in Health Law and Policy

Toronto, Canada


Udo Schuklenk, PhD

Ontario Research Chair in Bioethics and Public Policy

Kingston/Ontario, Canada


Val Jackson, Msc

Family Therapist

Leeds, UK


Vanden Bussche Pierre, MD


Ghent, Belgium


Vandenbroucke Joost

Manager Health&Food department, Belgian Consumer association Test-Aankoop

Brussels, Belgium


vasco queiroz, MD


GUARDA, Portugal


Vasiliy Vlassov, MD

President, Russian Society for Evidence Based Medicine

Moscow, Russia


Victor Han, MD

Director, Children’s Health Research Institute

London, ON, Canada




PORTUGAL, Portugal


Vivian A Welch, PhD

Bruyere Research Institute

Ottawa, Canada


Wendy Rogers, BM.BS, FRACGP, PhD

Professor of Clinical Ethics, Macquarie University

Sydney, NSW, Australia


Wolfgang Wodarg, MD, Ltd.Med.Dir.

Board Member of Transparency International Germany

Berlin, Germany


Yan Xu, B.Sc.

Medical Student, Queen’s University

Kingston, Ontario, Canada


Yolande Lucire, PhD MB BS DPM FRANZCP

Forensic Psychiatrist

Sydney NSW, Australia


yvan serandao rodrigues, MD

Family Physician

FAro, Portugal


Zakharova Natalia, Prof

North West Medical Mechnikov’s University

Sankt-Peterburg, Russia